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Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)

PVD is caused by the narrowing of vessels that carry blood to the legs, arms, stomach or kidneys.

There are two types of these circulation disorders:

Functional peripheral vascular diseases don’t have an organic cause.
They don’t involve defects in blood vessels’ structure. They’re usually short-term effects related to “spasms” that may come and go. Buerger’s disease is an example. It can be triggered by cold temperatures, emotional stress, working with vibrating machinery or smoking.

Organic peripheral vascular diseases are caused by structural changes in the blood vessels, such as inflammation and tissue damage.
Peripheral artery disease is an example. It is caused by fatty buildups in arteries that block normal blood flow.

PVD treatment

in patients in which surgery is not indicated or has given no results. Spinal Cord Stimulation has been tested  and has shown good results.

The mechanism of action is not fully understood, but apparently the stimulation of the dorsal horns at the level of the affected dermatome and the reduction of pain have a positive influence in the overall sympathetic and parasympathetic balance in the area, thus improving not only the pain but also the vessel functions and reducing spasms.

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